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Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
?This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before

You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England
They come from London

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.

I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?

I can see you.

She doesn’t like him.

I saw her in town today.

We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.

I’ll get it for you.

Give it to him.

Why are you looking at her?

Don’t take it from us.

I’ll speak to them.